Sports Concussion Facts

Know the Facts

  • An athlete does not need to lose consciousness to sustain a concussion
  • Athletes who do not disclose concussion symptoms exist at ALL levels of sports participation
  • An athlete who sustains a concussion is more likely to suffer a second concussion, and the risk increases with each successive concussion
  • Athletes with prior concussions require longer recovery times
  • Female athletes appear to be at increased risk for longer recovery time
  • A 2007 study by The Ohio State University and Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio found that concussions accounted for 8.9 percent of all injuries to high school athletes in boys’ football, soccer, basketball, wrestling and baseball and girls’ soccer, volleyball, basketball and softball
  • According to the American College of Sports Medicine:
    • Less than 50 percent of all high schools nationally have certified athletic trainers
    • 63 percent of all concussions occur in football
    • Nearly 50 percent of high school football players have had a concussion, and 35 percent have had more than one
  • Post-concussion syndrome can involve decreased processing speed, short-term memory impairment, concentration deficit, depressions/irritability, fatigue/sleep disturbance and academic difficulties
  • Post-traumatic amnesia – the confusion that sometimes occurs immediately following a traumatic brain injury in which the injured person is disoriented and unable to remember events that occur after the injury – is a significant indicator of concussion severity

Know the Symptoms

Symptoms of a concussion may include the following:

  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Poor balance
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Seeing “stars”
  • Glassy eyes/vacant stare
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Numbness/tingling
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Neck pain
  • Easily confused
  • Irritability
  • Drowsiness

Never ignore a concussion. Individuals who may have suffered a concussion should be evaluated by a health care provider immediately. For more information, visit or call Southwest General’s Health Connection, 440-816-5050.